Exploring the Root Causes of Glaucoma

Exploring the Root Causes of Glaucoma

Ever wondered why some people have vision problems because of a condition called glaucoma? It’s like a quiet intruder affecting eyesight without much warning.

In this blog, we’re going on a journey to figure out what are the causes of glaucoma are.

What is Glaucoma? 

Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that can damage the optic nerve, leading to vision loss or blindness. The optic nerve is crucial in transmitting visual information from the eye to the brain. 

Glaucoma is often linked to elevated pressure within the eye, but not exclusively. The heightened pressure can gradually damage the optic nerve, potentially causing vision loss or blindness. 

Early detection allows for interventions that may prevent further vision deterioration.

What are the Symptoms of Glaucoma? 

Glaucoma typically progresses without noticeable symptoms in its early stages. However, as the condition advances, some symptoms may become apparent. 

Symptoms may include:

  • severe eye pain
  • nausea and vomiting
  • redness in your eye
  • sudden vision disturbances
  • seeing colored rings around lights
  • sudden blurred vision
 

These symptoms require prompt evaluation and treatment by an eye specialist.

What are the Causes of Glaucoma? 

The rear portion of your eye consistently produces a transparent fluid known as aqueous humor. As this fluid is generated, it fills the anterior part of the eye and exits through channels in the cornea and iris. 

If these channels are obstructed or partially blocked, the natural intraocular pressure (IOP) in your eye may increase. An elevated IOP can potentially lead to damage to the optic nerve.

What causes glaucoma isn’t always known. However, medical professionals believe that one or more of these factors may contribute to the condition: 

  • use of dilating eye drops
  • blocked or restricted drainage in your eye
  • medications, such as corticosteroids
  • diminished blood flow to your optic nerve
  • high or elevated blood pressure

Who is at Risk of Glaucoma?

Several factors may increase an individual’s risk of developing glaucoma. It’s crucial to understand that having one or more risk factors does not guarantee the development of glaucoma. Conversely, some people with no apparent risk factors can still develop the condition. 

The main risk factors for glaucoma include:

  • Age: The risk of developing glaucoma rises with age, particularly for individuals over 60 years old.
  • Family History: If you have close relatives, such as parents or siblings, with glaucoma, your risk of developing the condition may be higher.
  • Ethnicity: People of African, Hispanic, and Asian descent are at an increased risk, and they may also be more prone to specific types of glaucoma.
  • Medical Conditions: Certain health conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease, may increase the risk of glaucoma.
  • Eye Conditions: Previous eye injuries, chronic eye inflammation, and conditions such as retinal detachment may elevate the risk.
  • Use of Corticosteroids: Long-term utilization of corticosteroid medications, especially in the form of eye drops, may increase the risk.

How is Glaucoma Treated?

The treatment of glaucoma aims to lower intraocular pressure (IOP) and prevent additional damage to the optic nerve. The specific treatment plan depends on the type and severity of glaucoma. 

Common approaches include:

  • Medication: Eye drops or oral medications may be prescribed to reduce intraocular pressure. These medications either decrease the production of aqueous humor or increase its drainage.
  • Laser Therapy: Laser procedures, such as selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) and argon laser trabeculoplasty (ALT), can be used to improve fluid drainage from the eye, reducing intraocular pressure.
  • Surgery: In some cases, surgical interventions may be recommended. Trabeculectomy, for instance, involves creating a new drainage channel for the aqueous humor, and other surgical procedures may be performed to improve fluid drainage.
  • Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery (MIGS): Emerging as more recent surgical approaches, MIGS techniques are less invasive compared to traditional surgeries. They are designed to lower intraocular pressure with a faster recovery period.

 

Contact Dr. Vasu Kumar for Glaucoma Treatment in Dubai

Dr. Vasu Kumar, an expert in glaucoma treatment in Dubai, provides hope for those dealing with this condition. His commitment to personalized care, advanced treatments, and over 15 years of expertise make him a trusted choice.

Don’t let glaucoma take your sight. Take control of your eye health—book an appointment with Dr. Vasu Kumar today. 

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