Diabetic Retinopathy

Dr. Vasu Kumar

Overview

Diabetes can significantly affect your eyes, leading to a group of conditions collectively known as diabetic eye diseases. Consistent high levels of blood sugar can impair the blood vessels in the eyes leading to several complex eye disorders. Among many diabetic eye diseases, one of the most common vision-related problems is Diabetic Retinopathy.

When it comes to Diabetic Retinopathy treatment in Dubai, our veteran ophthalmologist for diabetic retinopathy Dr. Vasu Kumar suggests regular eye check-ups as early diagnosis helps in better treatment for such eye problems.

About Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a common and potentially sight-threatening complication of diabetes. It occurs when prolonged high blood sugar levels damage the delicate blood vessels in the retina, i. e. the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. In its early stages, weak or leaking blood vessels may be present. As the disease progresses, new and abnormal blood vessels form on the retina, which can then cause severe vision impairment and even blindness.

Diabetic retinopathy often advances silently without noticeable symptoms until significant damage has occurred, emphasizing the importance of regular eye examinations for individuals with diabetes. Effective management of blood sugar levels and blood pressure and routine eye care can help prevent and control diabetic retinopathy and reduce the risk of vision loss.

Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy

There are two types of diabetic retinopathy:

  • Diabetic Macular Oedema (DMO)
  • Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR)

Diabetic Macular Oedema (DMO): During the DMO stage, fluid leaks out of the tiny damaged blood vessels and accumulates in the macula, the central part of the retina, which is accountable for fine details and central vision in DMO. This causes tissue swelling and blurred vision.  Patients with diabetic macular oedema may eventually develop poor central vision and can permanently become unable to read or drive, with their peripheral vision usually being normal. 

Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR): The PDR stage occurs when the retinal blood vessels close, depriving the retina of oxygen and nutrients. This triggers abnormal and very fragile blood vessels to grow on the surface of the retina, resulting in permanent vision loss along with bleeding into the eye, retinal detachment, and retinal scarring.

Consult with the experienced ophthalmologist for diabetic retinopathy to get rid of this eye problem due to diabetes. Dr. Vasu Kumar has years of experience in eye care.

Diabetic Retinopathy

When can one develop Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy, a serious eye condition that commonly develops in diabetic patients, is one of the primary causes of blindness in patients aged 20 to 65. Diabetic retinopathy develops when small blood vessels in the eye swell and leak. These vessels, which supply vital nutrients to the retina, can become clogged. To compensate, abnormal blood vessels begin to grow on the retina to replace the blocked ones. These new ones are generally weaker, with thinner walls, and are more prone to fluid leakage. There is a risk of blood leaking, which can result in retinal detachment, severe vision loss, and, ultimately, blindness.

Understanding the symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy

As blood vessels weaken, they begin to leak fluids, causing an accumulation of fatty substances and yellow deposits in the retina. This is the most obvious sign of diabetic retinopathy, according to ophthalmologists. However, to follow an apt line of Diabetic Retinopathy treatment in Dubai, our eye doctor begins with understanding your symptoms first.

There could be several symptoms you can look out for to see if your eyes are affected by diabetic retinopathy, including:

Warning signs and being vigilant

Since diabetic retinopathy often has no warning signs, a yearly comprehensive eye exam is highly recommended as part of your overall diabetic eye care in Dubai. Patients are frequently diagnosed with diabetes during an optometrist appointment where diabetic retinopathy is discovered.

Pregnant women, especially those with Type 1 diabetes, should have regular checkups during their first trimester and pay close attention to changes in their eye conditions throughout their pregnancy. All diabetic patients should undergo regular eye examinations because early detection and treatment is the best defence against eye and vision complications.

Treatment options for Diabetic Retinopathy

Diagnosis Methods
Managing Techniques
Laser Therapy (Photocoagulation)

Having said everything, the treatment type will be determined by an ophthalmologist specializing in retinal diseases and will depend on the specific characteristics of the disease in each individual.

Consult Dr. Vasu Kumar - Discuss in detail your options for diabetic retinopathy treatment in Dubai

Consulting with Dr. Vasu Kumar about your diabetic retinopathy issue is an important step towards managing this condition and preserving your vision. With his expertise and experience, he can provide personalized treatment plans that cater to each individual’s unique needs.

By taking proactive measures and utilizing the latest technology, Dr. Kumar can help you achieve better eye health and ultimately improve your quality of life. Don’t hesitate to schedule a consultation today and take control of your diabetic retinopathy journey.

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